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Letter from Shah Sulayman to the Russian Tsar

Date 30 Rabi' I 1077 - 6 Zihijjah 1105 / 30.9.1666 - 29.7.1694
Content Shah Sulayman I requests the Russian Tsar to hand over the commodities of the Armenian trader Khvajah Qukas Kalantar from Julfa (Isfahan), who died during his travels in Russia, to his rightful heirs. [document undated]
Type namah
Category Letters and Correspondence
Script nasta'liq
Archive Her Majesty´s Statepaper Office (London)
Publication Bayani, Khanbaba. "Asnad va namah-ha-yi tarikhi-yi dawrah-yi Safavi." Barrasi-ha-yi tarikhi 3, 3-4 (1347/1968): 67-96. 88-90
Keywords Armenians | Safavids | diplomatic relations | trade
Individuals Sulayman I, Shah | Qukas Kalantar, Khvajah
Places Isfahan | Julfa | Russia
Notes Several Tsars ruled Russia during Shah Sulayman's reign and so it is not clear to whom the letter has been sent. The following addressees are possible: Alexis I (1645-76), Fjodor III (1676-82), Ivan V ( 1682-89), Peter I (since 1689). Since this letter is undated Shah Sulayman's reign (1666-94) was used to determine the date of the document. Also published in: Qa'im-Maqami, Jahangir. Yaksad va panjah sanad-i tarikhi: az Jalayiriyan ta Pahlavi. Tihran: Chapkhanah-yi artish-i shahanshahi-yi Iran, 1348 (1969). 50-51.
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